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Country Risk Code:


Afghanistan is an EXTREME RISK country. Afghanistan is a war-torn nation with substantial risks to travelers stemming from violence and terrorism, inadequate healthcare facilities, and poorly maintained infrastructure.

Essential Precautions: 

•  Avoid markets and shopping areas, government buildings, places of worship, and military/police instillations, as these can be targets for terrorist attacks 

• Do not photograph government buildings, civil infrastructure, or military installations 

• Only use secure transportation 

• Avoid demonstrations and protests, as they can often turn violent 

• Avoid street food in general and only drink bottled water 

Insurance becomes a priority if you intend to travel or work in Afghanistan. Traveling to Afghanistan presents significant risks due to ongoing conflict, political instability, and security concerns. The situation can change rapidly, so it's essential to consult up-to-date travel advisories from your government or reliable sources like the U.S. State Department, UK Foreign Office, or your country's equivalent. Here are some factors to consider:

Security Situation: Afghanistan has been experiencing armed conflict and political instability for decades, with various armed groups, including the Taliban and ISIS, active across the country. The security situation is volatile and unpredictable, with frequent attacks targeting government officials, security forces, and civilians. Travelers face a high risk of violence, including bombings, shootings, and kidnappings, particularly in major cities and along major transportation routes.

Terrorism: Afghanistan is a known haven for terrorist organizations, including the Taliban and ISIS. These groups have carried out attacks against Afghan and foreign targets, including hotels, government buildings, and diplomatic missions. Foreigners, including tourists, are at risk of being targeted by terrorist attacks or becoming collateral damage in ongoing conflicts.

Kidnapping and Hostage-taking: Kidnapping for ransom is a significant risk in Afghanistan, with both criminal and terrorist groups known to target foreigners for financial gain or to advance their political objectives. Travelers, including tourists, are at risk of being abducted, especially in remote or insecure areas.

Crime and Lawlessness: Afghanistan's weak governance and law enforcement infrastructure contribute to a climate of lawlessness and criminal activity. Petty crime, such as theft and robbery, is common, particularly in urban areas. Travelers may also encounter extortion, bribery, and corruption when dealing with local authorities or criminal elements.

Road Travel: Road travel in Afghanistan is hazardous due to poor infrastructure, lack of traffic regulations, and the threat of roadside bombings and ambushes. Travelers face risks of accidents, carjackings, and attacks while on the road. Foreigners are advised to travel with armed security escorts and avoid traveling after dark.

Health Risks: Afghanistan's healthcare system is limited, and access to medical care may be inadequate, especially in rural areas. Travelers should be prepared for the risk of infectious diseases, lack of medical supplies, and limited emergency medical services. It's advisable to have comprehensive travel insurance that includes medical evacuation coverage.

Cultural and Religious Sensitivities: Afghanistan is a conservative Islamic country, and travelers should respect local customs, traditions, and religious practices. Dress modestly, especially in rural areas and around religious sites, and avoid behavior that may be considered disrespectful or offensive.

Landmines and Unexploded Ordnance (UXO): Afghanistan is heavily affected by landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO) from decades of conflict. Particularly in rural and remote areas, there is a risk of encountering these explosives, which can cause serious injury or death. Travelers should stay on well-traveled paths and roads, avoid touching or tampering with unknown objects, and heed warning signs indicating hazardous areas.

Cultural Sensitivities and Gender Roles: Afghanistan has strict societal norms regarding gender roles and interactions between men and women. Female travelers, in particular, may face challenges related to cultural expectations, such as restrictions on movement and dress. It's important to be respectful of local customs and norms, adhere to modest dress codes, and seek guidance from local contacts or hosts when navigating social situations.

Kidnapping for Political or Ideological Motives: In addition to criminal kidnapping for ransom, there is a risk of abduction for political or ideological reasons in Afghanistan. Foreigners, including tourists, may be targeted by insurgent groups or criminal organizations seeking to make political statements or advance their agendas. Travelers should be cautious about sharing personal information, avoid displaying symbols of wealth or affiliation with foreign organizations, and maintain a low profile to reduce the risk of being targeted for abduction.

Given these significant risks, most governments advise against all travel to Afghanistan, and tourist travel to the country is extremely rare. Those who choose to travel to Afghanistan for essential reasons, such as humanitarian work or journalism, should seek professional security advice, register with their embassy or consulate, and have contingency plans in place for emergencies. By considering these additional factors and taking necessary precautions, travelers can make informed decisions and better ensure their safety and well-being while traveling in Afghanistan. However, it's important to reiterate that travel to Afghanistan carries significant risks due to the ongoing security situation and instability.

Choosing the right cover for your trip to Afghanistan

Many insurers exclude cover for travel to Afghanistan. It is vital to check that your policy includes journeys to this nation. Ascertain that your policy coverage includes medical expenses, repatriation, crisis management, and kidnap for ransom cover. The options for care within Afghanistan are currently poor. It will be necessary to evacuate you for medical and other critical care.

Required Vaccinations • None 

Pre-Trip Checklist: 

• Carry a copy of your passport 

• Bring a necessary supply of prescription medication 

• Bring a copy of your prescription in case medication is lost or stolen 

• Consider bringing mosquito repellant, long sleeves, and pants 

• Use a VPN on all internet-connected devices and download the VPN prior to travel

LGBT travel advice for Afghanistan

Traveling to Afghanistan as an LGBTQ+ individual presents extreme risks due to the country's deeply conservative culture, strict Islamic law, and widespread societal intolerance towards homosexuality and gender non-conformity. Same-sex sexual relations and LGBTQ+ gender expression are illegal in Afghanistan. Individuals found guilty may be sentenced to life in prison or to death. Given the extreme risks and lack of legal protections, LGBTQ+ individuals are strongly advised against traveling to Afghanistan. It's essential to prioritize personal safety and well-being and to avoid unnecessary risks in hostile environments. LGBTQ+ travelers should carefully consider the potential dangers and avoid travel to countries where their safety and human rights cannot be guaranteed.