Travel insurance for

Sudan

Country Risk Code:

Extreme

Sudan is an EXTREME RISK country. Unrest, crime, poor healthcare facilities, and inadequate infrastructure pose the highest risks to travelers in the country.

Essential Precautions: 

• Avoid all travel to the Darfur, Southern Kordofan, and Blue Nile regions 

• Avoid demonstrations and protests, as they can often turn violent 

• Only use secure transportation 

• Do not display overt forms of wealth 

• Avoid street food in general and only drink bottled water 

• Do not photograph government buildings, civil infrastructure, or military installations

Insurance becomes a priority if you intend to travel or work in Sudan. Traveling to Sudan involves several risks due to political instability, security concerns, and other factors. The situation can change rapidly, so it\'s essential to consult up-to-date travel advisories from your government or reliable sources like the U.S. State Department, UK Foreign Office, or your country\'s equivalent. Here are some factors to consider:

Political Instability: Sudan has experienced political unrest, protests, and demonstrations in recent years. The country underwent a political transition following the ousting of former President Omar al-Bashir in April 2019. While a transitional government has been established, political tensions and disputes may persist, leading to unrest and disruptions to travel.

Crime and Security Concerns: There is a high risk of violent unrest and crime in Sudan. Most critical security events are concentrated within the Darfur, Southern Kordofan, and Blue Nile regions. Western travelers and international aid workers are high-value targets for kidnapping, carjacking, robbery, and extortion in Sudan, especially outside of the capital, Khartoum, where officials have limited capacity and resources to uphold the rule of law. Foreign nationals must register all trips outside of Khartoum state with the Sudanese government in advance. Within Khartoum, demonstrations present the greatest risks to travelers. Serious unrest has plagued the nation for several years following the military ouster of former president Omar al-Bashir amid widespread prodemocracy protests in 2019. Security forces often use live rounds, batons, and tear gas to disperse protesters. In April 2023, ongoing clashes between the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) lead to a significant deterioration of the security situation in Khartoum and other areas across the country.

Health Risks: Only basic medical services are available in Khartoum but there are no hospitals that are suitable for serious medical problems. The health system, even in Khartoum, has been severely degraded by fighting and looting between the SAF and RSF. In all other states, medical assistance is extremely limited. Malaria is endemic in Sudan and other serious disease risks include dengue fever, yellow fever, Rift Valley fever, meningococcal meningitis, and HIV/AIDS. The tap water is not safe to drink.

Humanitarian Issues: Sudan has experienced humanitarian crises, including food insecurity, displacement, and malnutrition. The country has been affected by conflict-induced displacement, with millions of people internally displaced or seeking refuge in neighboring countries. Travelers may encounter humanitarian emergencies, displacement camps, and limited access to basic services.

Legal and Political Considerations: Sudan\'s legal system and governance structures are still evolving following the political transition. Travelers may encounter challenges related to legal protections, law enforcement, and governance. Corruption, bribery, and arbitrary detention are concerns, and travelers should be aware of their rights and responsibilities while in the country.

Environmental Risk: Flooding and sandstorms as well as Khartoum’s poor air quality may present health risks to travelers. Periods of heavy rain and flooding often occur in parts of Sudan adjacent to the Nile River – which flows through Khartoum – leading to damage or destruction of housing and key infrastructure. Access to drinking water, food, and health facilities is often hindered after rain as many roads become impassable. Between March and August, Sudan also experiences severe sandstorms that can bring winds of up to 70 mph. The air quality in Khartoum is unhealthy and may cause adverse health effects after prolonged outdoor activity, even among people without a history of asthma or other respiratory disease. 

Transport & Infrastructure Risk: Sudan’s transportation and telecommunications infrastructure are in poor condition. Driving conditions are hazardous; roads are haphazardly maintained, and drivers frequently do not comply with traffic regulations. At night, most streets are poorly illuminated or not illuminated at all, and many drivers do not use headlights. Sudan remains highly contaminated by unexploded mines or other explosive remnants of war. Public transportation should be avoided due to safety concerns. Interruptions to the water supply system are a common occurrence in Khartoum, and the power grid is not always reliable.

Overall, while Sudan offers cultural richness and historical attractions, travelers should be aware of the potential risks and challenges associated with traveling to the country. By staying informed, following local laws and customs, and taking necessary precautions, travelers can mitigate risks and have a safe and enjoyable experience in Sudan. However, due to security concerns, some governments may advise against travel to certain parts of Sudan, and travelers should heed these warnings.

Choosing the right cover for your trip to Sudan

Many insurers exclude cover for travel to Sudan. It is vital to check that your policy includes journeys to this nation. Ascertain that your policy coverage includes medical expenses, repatriation, crisis management, and kidnap for ransom cover. Healthcare infrastructure is limited, and access to medical services may be inadequate, particularly in rural areas. It is certain that it will be necessary to evacuate you for medical and other critical care.

Required Vaccinations: 

• Yellow Fever

Pre-Trip Checklist: 

• Carry a copy of your passport 

• Bring a necessary supply of prescription medication 

• Bring a copy of your prescription in case medication is lost or stolen 

• Consider bringing mosquito repellant, long sleeves, and pants

LGBT travel advice for Sudan

Traveling to Sudan as an LGBTQ+ individual presents significant risks due to the country\'s conservative social attitudes, legal framework, and potential for discrimination and violence. Overall, traveling to Sudan as an LGBTQ+ individual is extremely dangerous and is strongly discouraged. LGBTQ+ travelers should prioritize their safety and well-being and consider alternative travel destinations where they can travel more freely and safely. It\'s essential to research and understand the risks thoroughly before considering travel to Sudan and to take necessary precautions to protect oneself from harm.